Glossary

The following is a list of general nursery terms that may be helpful in understanding our nursery business.

Bare Root Trees:  Trees that have been grown in soil in a field that have been lifted and bundled and that are ready for dispatch.  The trees are not potted or planted in a soil medium or potting mix.

Bud:  An undeveloped or embryonic shoot that normally occurs in the axil of a leaf or at the tip of the stem. Once formed, a bud may remain for some time in a dormant condition, or it may form a shoot immediately.

Budding:  A method of vegetative propagation where two pieces of plant tissue are connected together.  There are two main methods of budding - T budding and chip budding.

Budwood:  A selected stick of scion wood used for the process above.  Budwood creates the scion variety.

Clonal Rootstock:  A rootstock that has been propagated by some vegetative means to be genetically identical to other rootstocks of the same type.  Usually propagated by cutting, stoolbed or tissue culture.

Feather:  A light branch on a one-year nursery tree.

Feathered Rod:  A nursery tree with branches.

Graft:  A section of dormant scion wood used during the process of joining two pieces of tissue together.

Grafting:  A method of vegetative propagation where two pieces of plant tissue are connected together.  Usually undertaken in late winter or early spring.  There are many methods of grafting.

Maiden Tree:  An old English term used to denote a nursery tree ready for delivery.

Propagation:  Plant propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources i.e.,  seeds, cuttings and other plant parts.

Rod:  A one-year unfeathered or unbranched nursery tree.  Another term for this type of tree is a whip.

Rootstock:  Rootstocks provide the root system for the chosen scion variety.

Scion:  A shoot or bud of a desired variety that is used for budding or grafting onto a rootstock.

Stoolbed: A technique used to propagate plants on their own roots.  The shoots growing from the underground parent is mounded over with sawdust or other medium to induce rooting.  These are then harvested by cutting the newly rooted plants from the parent plant and planted in the nursery to form the rootstock of a new tree.

Whip:  A one-year unfeathered or unbranched nursery tree.  Another term for this type of tree is a rod.

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