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plum 20130710_1619856643

Plums

The Plum industry in New Zealand is growing rapidly as plums are sought after in a number of high returning markets. Plums store well and can be shipped by sea freight, lowering costs. They can be challenging to grow.

Origin

Plums are generally divided into two types:

  • European plums which are cultivated varieties from Prunus domestica and are thought to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains.
  • Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina. This species arose in China.

Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like characteristics. We refer to them as Japanese type for convenience. The parentage of both general types are complex.

Characteristics

Plums flower early in the season and consideration to damage by frosts must be given. In general, European plums are more frost tolerant than Japanese types. Disease susceptibility and vigour varies widely within plum varieties. Care needs to be taken with variety and site selection.

Japanese plums are susceptible to both bacterial spot (Xanthomonas prunii p.v. prunii) and bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae pv.).

Pollination

European plums are regarded as self fertile with some notable exceptions, however, cross pollination is recommended to get full crops.

Japanese plums on the other hand are mostly self infertile, many varieties require specific pollination and some varieties only have value as highly fertile pollen donors, the fruit being of little commercial value. Many of this type of pollinator are planted at a ratio of 1:9.

Much of the breeding of Japanese plums has been undertaken in climates which have no selection pressure for bacterial disease resistance and these varieties can be difficult to grow in New Zealand’s relatively mild, wet conditions.

 

There is still room for varietal improvement and agronomics and McGrath Nurseries Ltd are actively involved in this search.

See variety sheets on this website for further information on specific varieties.

Plum Shapes of Fruit

plum-Elongated-Heart-Shape
Elongated
Heart
plum-Flat-Round
Flat
Round
plum-Flat
Flat
plum-Heart-Shape
Heart
plum-Luisa
Luisa
plum-Oval
Oval
plum-Prune-Oval
Prune
Oval
plum-Prune-Shape
Prune
plum-Round
Round

icon-plumPlum Maturity Chart

NewZealand-Haistings

Maturity based on Hastings

The Maturity Chart is a general guide for each variety of Plum. The dates are based on Commercial Harvesting dates in Hastings.

If you are planting in a different district, please adjust these dates as below: 

  • Alexandra, Central Otago +21 days
  • Marlborough +3-4 days
  • Havelock +2 days
  • Twyford 5-7 days
  • BOP/Auckland +2-5 days
NOTE: We recommend that you obtain independent advice before you make any decisions in reliance on this chart... See our Maturity Disclaimer
 

TO VIEW VARIETY DETAILS - Select the variety name at the left of this chart to view the variety information sheet.

icon-green Exclusively available from McGrath Nurseries Ltd

  Variety Key Dates Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr
        6 10 14 18 22 26 30 3 7 11 15 19 23 27 31 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 1 5
  Red Beaut NR  06/12-16/12 icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                                        
  Wilsons Early NR 13/12-20/12     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                                    
  Rose Zee NR 14/12-28/12     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                                    
  Duffs Early Jewel NR 03/01-13/01     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                                
  Santa Rosa NR 03/01-18/01               icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                          
  October Early NR 05/01-12/01               icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                          
  Shiro NR 08/01-13/01                 icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                        
  Sultan NR 05/01-12/01                   icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                      
  Au Rubrum NR 05/01-19/01                   icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                      
  Black Amber NR 05/01-20/01               icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                      
  Billington NR  06/01-18/01                 icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                      
  Shiro NR  06/01-10/02                 icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                            
  Queen Rosa NR  09/01-20/01                 icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                      
  Early Rivers NR  10/01-20-01                   icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                      
  Hawera NR  15/01-27/01                     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                  
  King Billy NR  15/01-30/01                     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                
  Friar NR  20/01-30/01                       icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                                
icon-green Luisa R 20/01-04/02                       icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                              
  Satsuma NR  21/01-04/02                       icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                              
  Fortune NR 22/01-06/02                         icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                              
  Victoria NR 26/01-06/02                           icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                              
  Black Doris NR 26/01-10/02                           icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                            
  Omega NR 04/02-24/02                               icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                    
  Eng. Greengage NR 15/02-28/02                                     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                  
  President NR 16/02-02/03                                     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                  
  Shrop. Damson NR 20/02-04/03                                       icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple                
  Alwyn Kemp Sdlg T 26/02-10/03                                         icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple              
  Reine Cl.deBavay    NR 26/02-17/03                                         icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple          
  Roysun NR 12/03-30/03                                                 icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple    
  Torwick NR 14/03-04/04                                                   icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple
  Angelino NR 20/03-04/04                                                     icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple icon-purple

Learn more...

Subcategories

Maturity Disclaimer

McGrath Nurseries Ltd have used their best endeavours to ensure this chart is accurate, however, it should be used as a guide only.

We do not accept any responsibility for harm, loss or damage caused or resulting from your use or reliance on any of the information contained in this chart in the event that any of that information is inaccurate or incomplete. Maturity information on some new varieties has been based totally on overseas data, not local experience and therefore may not be accurate.

We recommend that you obtain independent advice before you make any decisions in reliance on this chart and rely on your own inquiries in relation to any district performance relative to the standard timings indicated.

Regional Maturity

New-Zealand

This is a general guide for the maturity for each variety based on a specific area in New Zealand. For other districts, see the guides beside the maturity chart.

Apple, Peach, Plum and Nectarine dates in the Maturity Charts are based on Hastings.

Apricot and Cherry dates in the Maturity Charts are based on Alexandra, Central Otago.

Pear dates in the Maturity Charts are based in Nelson.

Plant License Key

R Tree Royalty Payable
PBR Restricted Sales Production Based Royalties
® Registered Trademark
Trademark
NR No Royalties
TA Test Agreement Required
(Note: This is not an offer for sale of trees, only the right to test the selection. Trees may remain the property of the breeder/owner)

Colour Key

icon-red Apples
icon-orange Apricot
icon-burgandy Cherry - Red Fleshed
icon-yellow Cherry - White Fleshed
icon-paleyellow Nectarines - Yellow Fleshed
icon-lightblue Nectarines - White Fleshed
icon-peach-yellow-fleshed Peach - Yellow Fleshed
icon-peach-White-Fleshed Peach - White Fleshed
icon-purple Plum
icon-beige Pear

icon-green

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