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apple 20130710_1545273574Apple

Apples are one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits in the world. New Zealand is well placed geographically to supply the Northern Hemisphere consumer demand for fresh product in the counter season and product into Asian markets. Whilst New Zealand is remote from the market and has high cost structure, this is partially compensated by the fact that it produces superb quality fruit and among the highest yields per hectare in the world.

Origin

Commercial apple varieties are derived from Malus domestica although more recently inter-specific hybrids with other Malus species are rising in significance. It is thought that the ancestral home of apples is in Central Asia and the species has been dispersed by human activity and migration.

Characteristics

There seems to be little doubt that high density production system utilizing tree densities in the range of 1600-3000 trees per hectare are the most efficient for commercial orchards. Size controlling rootstocks are integral to these systems and are covered in our rootstock section along with a guide for calculating tree numbers. The training system chosen is part of a complex matrix which includes likely returns for the variety (see Resource Section).

Pollination

Apples are pollinated readily by any diploid apple variety that flowers at the same time. Sometimes this is another high value apple but there is a trend to utilizing crab apple pollinators at a ratio of 1:20.

 

Apples are a major focus for McGrath Nurseries Ltd and we have successfully introduced a number of commercially significant varieties as well as being the driving force in the search for a commercial introduction of the Geneva® series rootstocks in New Zealand. These naturally bred, multi- disease and pest resistant rootstocks are covered in detail in our rootstock section. The most recent development in apple marketing has been the introduction of branding and controlled variety management. McGrath Nurseries Ltd are at the forefront of this innovation as evidenced by our Honeycrisp project and the development of Plumac c.v. apple under the brand KORU®. 

Specific information for each variety can be found on the individual variety sheets.

Apple Shapes of Fruit

Apple-Clonical
Conical
Apple-Flat-Round
Flat
Round
Apple-Flat
Flat
Apple-Long-Clonical
Long
Conical
Apple-Round-Clonical
Round
Conical
Apple-Round-Oblong
Round
Oblong
Apple-Round
Round
Apple-Square-Oblong
Square
Oblong

icon-apple Apple Maturity Chart

NewZealand-Haistings

Maturity based on Hastings

The Maturity Chart is a general guide for each variety of Apple. The dates are based on Commercial Harvesting dates in Hastings.

If you are planting in a different district, please adjust these dates as below: 

  • Alexandra, Central Otago +21 days
  • Marlborough +3-4 days
  • Havelock +2 days
  • Twyford -7 days
  • BOP/Auckland +2-5 days
NOTE: We recommend that you obtain independent advice before you make any decisions in reliance on this chart... See our Maturity Disclaimer

TO VIEW VARIETY DETAILS - Select the variety name at the left of this chart to view the variety information sheet.

icon-green Exclusively available from McGrath Nurseries Ltd

Variety Key Dates Jan Feb Mar Apr May
12 16 20 24 28 01 05 09 13 17 21 25 01 05 09 13 17 21 25 29 02 06 10 14 18 22 26 30 04
icon-green Sunrise  R 12/01-10/02 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Gingergold® (Mountain Cove c.v.) R 19/01-05/02 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Cox Greenmeadows NR 08/02-01/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Honeycrunch® (Honeycrisp c.v.) PBR 08/02-01/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Pacific Beauty™ (Sciearly c.v.) R 11/02-02/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Ruby Gala 11/02-02/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Galaxy NR 16/02-08/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Royal Gala NR 16/02-08/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Gilmac  Res 20/02-12/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Standard Gala  NR  26/02-18/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Golden Delicious NR 02/03-23/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green KORU® (plumac c.v.) PBR 08/03-27/03 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Red Delicious NR 07/03-01/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Kumeu Crimson™ (Toymac c.v.) R 10/03-04/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Tentation® (Delblush c.v.) Res 15/03-07/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Jazz™ (Scifresh c.v.) Res 15/03-07/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Braeburn NR 22/03-16/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Eve® (Mariri Red c.v.) R 22/3-16/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Lochbuie  R 22/03-16/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Juliet® (Co-op 43 c.v.) TA 25/03-15/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Johnnyray  Res 25/03-15/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Pacific Queen™ (Scired c.v.) R 25/03-15/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
icon-green Cameo® (Caudle c.v.) R 25/03-15/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Fuji R 25/03-15/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Envy™ (Scilate c.v.) R 01/04-22/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Pacific Rose™ (Sciros c.v.) R 01/04-22/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Granny Smith  NR 02/04-25/04 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red
Pink Lady™ (Cripps Pink c.v.) R 11/04-02/05 icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red icon-red

Learn more...

Subcategories

Maturity Disclaimer

McGrath Nurseries Ltd have used their best endeavours to ensure this chart is accurate, however, it should be used as a guide only.

We do not accept any responsibility for harm, loss or damage caused or resulting from your use or reliance on any of the information contained in this chart in the event that any of that information is inaccurate or incomplete. Maturity information on some new varieties has been based totally on overseas data, not local experience and therefore may not be accurate.

We recommend that you obtain independent advice before you make any decisions in reliance on this chart and rely on your own inquiries in relation to any district performance relative to the standard timings indicated.

Regional Maturity

New-Zealand

This is a general guide for the maturity for each variety based on a specific area in New Zealand. For other districts, see the guides beside the maturity chart.

Apple, Peach, Plum and Nectarine dates in the Maturity Charts are based on Hastings.

Apricot and Cherry dates in the Maturity Charts are based on Alexandra, Central Otago.

Pear dates in the Maturity Charts are based in Nelson.

Plant License Key

R Tree Royalty Payable
PBR Restricted Sales Production Based Royalties
® Registered Trademark
Trademark
NR No Royalties
TA Test Agreement Required
(Note: This is not an offer for sale of trees, only the right to test the selection. Trees may remain the property of the breeder/owner)

Colour Key

icon-red Apples
icon-orange Apricot
icon-burgandy Cherry - Red Fleshed
icon-yellow Cherry - White Fleshed
icon-paleyellow Nectarines - Yellow Fleshed
icon-lightblue Nectarines - White Fleshed
icon-peach-yellow-fleshed Peach - Yellow Fleshed
icon-peach-White-Fleshed Peach - White Fleshed
icon-purple Plum
icon-beige Pear

icon-green

Exclusively available from McGrath Nurseries Ltd
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